Downgrade laptop from windows vista to windows xp

The introduction of Windows vista has caused numerous challenges in the computer world. From consuming of computer memory, software incompatibility and others including the challenge of trying to downgrade you laptop or desktop from windows vista to windows xp.

Do you have a laptop or desktop that came with windows vista installed on it, and you want to downgrade it back to windows xp.
Did you buy a new hard drive and you want to install windows xp on it and it tells you that no hard drive was found.
In this short article I will be showing you the tricks to downgrade your laptop to windows xp.

Firstly, power your computer and enter the BIOS setup. For most motherboards the button to enter the BIOS is F1, F2, F10, and DELETE
When you turn on your laptop or desktop computer, keep pressing these buttons one will take you to the BIOS. Then inside the BIOS setup utility, locate “Sata native support” under system configuration, and then disable it. Press f10 to save and exit the BIOS setup.

Insert windows xp cd in the cd rom drive. Restart the computer and set it to boot from cd rom drive. For some computer F12, esc, F10 will take you to the boot menu select the cd rom drive and hit the enter button windows xp installation process starts. Install windows xp the way you normally do it.

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Simple steps to take when your computer refuse to come up

How do you feel, when you press the power button on your computer and it refuse to turn but you shut it down yourself the last time you used it?
It is frustrating especially when it’s not just cable problem.
There are two major problems with computer
1. The computer refuse to power on
2. The computer is on but it does not boot to desktop may be it always restarts on the way.

In this article, I will be showing you series of troubleshooting tips to take when your computer to on.

First, check the AC current, if it is up to your normal AC rating in your country. Over here in Nigeria, I will check if the AC current is up to 230-240 Volts because that is the normal current in Nigeria. If it is, that means it can power the computer.

Check the power pack: check your power pack if it smells burnt that means the power pack is blown. Some power pack has a switch that can switch to either 110 volts or 230 Volts. If that is how your power pack is then switch it to your country’s current rating.
Now you are sure that the power pack is ok and the current can carry your computer.
Make sure the computer is correctly connected. If it is rightly connected, power the computer. If the computer does not come up,

Check the ram: how do you check the ram? Make sure that the power cord is not connected , Open the computer system unit look if your computer has two ram slot, if it does then remove the ram and clean it also dust the slot with a brush, then insert the ram in the other slot. Connect the power cord and power the computer now. If it is not coming up.

Check the Cmos battery: use a tester to check the battery voltage if it reads lower that 2.5 volts then may be it’s the cmos battery. Change the cmos battery, Next check your cmos jumper and make sure that the cmos jumper cap is in pin 1 and 2, and power the computer. If it does not come up then do what is called isolation.

Isolating system component: this means that you have to isolate all the system component and start reinstalling them one after the other. Finally check if your processor is good.

Check Processor: How do you check processor? Uninstall the cooling fan and heat sink, insert the processor without the cooling fan and heat sink, them connect other component and power the computer. Place your hand on the processor to know if the processor is hot or cold if its cold that means the processor is bad and vice versa. If you can replace the processor, then replace it. If you cannot then say good bye to the computer cause it’s gone.

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How to remove autorun virus from your flash drives and any hard disk drives

Have you at one time or the other used your flash drive in someone else computer and try to use it on your own computer and you discover that when you click on your drive to open, it opens in a new window?
Do you always see a notepad file with the name BOOTEX.LOG inside your flash drive?

This is a sign that you have autorun virus in your flash drive. Autorun virus is transferred through flash and storage disk from an infected computer to a none infected one. When an infected flash drive is inserted into a none infected computer the virus uses autorun.inf to execute the virus on the system. The virus is always resident in the root directory of the flash drive and other storage devices. It has file extensions like .bat, .exe, .com, .BKK and file name like autorun.inf,, etc.

Sometimes even when you scan your computer, some antivirus does not remove it.
To remove this autorun virus from your flash drive or any other drive, you have to check if your flash has autorun virus or any root directory virus.

To check your flash drive, click start in your task bar, click run, inside the dialog box type cmd when the command prompt opens, change to your flash drive directory. To change to your flash directory type you drive location and semi column (e.g. K :) and press enter. Then type dir /ah (i.e. dir space forward slash ah) this will display all the files in the root directory of the flash. If there is no virus it will some thing like the screen short below or it will write file not found. If you see any file with .com, .exe, .bkk, .inf, .exe extension on the flash drive. That means you have a virus in the flash. To delete the virus Type del /ah /f (i.e. del space forward slash ah space forward slash f) followed by the file name and press enter to delete the virus
Like the screen short above I know that BOOT.BKK is a virus in my Hard drive I will type del /ah /f BOOT.BKK to delete it. if i had more virus on my drive i will delete them one by one until there is none left.
Note: you have to type the name of the virus the way you see it because it is case sensitive.
After you have removed the files, type dir /ah to confirm if the virus has been remove.

If you followed through and took the steps as I have outlined then you will not see the virus files again that means that the virus has been removed. To remove autorun virus from your hard drives, follow the same procedure above to remove the virus. Then restart your computer and the virus is gone.

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How to remove Desktop Virus

Do you see an advert like warning informing you that your computer is infected with virus and you should click here to run a free scan?
Do you also see task bar notification also informing you that your computer if infected with virus? . If so then there is virus in your computer and it is a Trojan virus.

A Trojan horse appears to be nothing more than an interesting computer program or file, The Trojan virus once on your computer, does not reproduce, but instead makes your computer vulnerable to malicious attacks by allowing them to access and read your files. This makes the virus extremely dangerous to your computer. This virus can be minimized when you avoid downloading unnecessary files and software’s, and only download software’s and files that you are sure of. This virus is an application that is installed in your computer and it adds itself to all user favorite folder and the current user favourite folder. Also it is in you program files.

If your computer is infected with this Trojan, continue reading, you will find how to remove the desktop virus.
If you want to remove this virus, you have to be very careful and use your common sense, for you to find it. So you have to try and identify one name that the virus uses, then use that name to get every other name that it may also be using to run.

Open my computer, double click drive C: double click document and settings, double click all users, and open my favourite folder look for the name of the virus. It might be virus Select all the files related to virus and delete them. Do the same for all the user accounts in that computer. Also, look for the virus in your user account application data. Open document and settings and double click on all users , open application data also look for the virus there if you find it delete it and do same for all the other user account

Secondly click start, click run and type Regedit. Registry editor will open. Click the minus button beside my computer to close the tree view such that the registry editor looks like the one below. Click edit menu and click find in the menu. On the find box, type the name of the virus in the search box and press find next. You will see the registry file by the right pane. Make sure that it is the right file else do not delete because if you delete what you are not sure of you may delete an important registry entry that may cause crash of data lose. So make sure the file you are about to delete is name that the virus uses to run.
Make the search again until you have removed all the registry entries related to the virus. Download no adware from and install it. Update the application and Use it to scan your computer, you will see all the viruses, their location, where they are installed on your computer. Because you are using a trial version, you will not be able to remove the viruses. Look at the items, their location, type, danger rate. For all the items that show severe, open the location shown in the location field and delete the files, e.g. C:\Documents and Settings\netways ltd\Application Data\antivirus Do so for all other files that are flagged dangerous. Then rescan your computer again with NoAdware you will notice that items that you have remove manually will not be displayed again.

Furthermore click start, control panel double click add and remove program in the control panel. When the add and remove program window opens look for installed application relating to that virus, if you see any one uninstall it.

Lastly by now you have known the various names the virus is using to run. Do a computer search for the name that you have seen. Click start, click on search. when the search window opens type the name of the virus inside the files and folders field and press search. When the search is over, the result will be dispayed at the right pane of the search window. Look at the right pane you will see the name u searched for, right click on the name and click on open containig folder. This will open the folder that contains the file name you are looking for. If this is the folder containing the virus and other program that the virus run. Delete the entire folder. Go to C:\Programe Files. Look serach for the virus name and delete the folder from programe files. When these is done properly restart your computer, you will find the desktop virus no more. Your desktop will be plane color, you can change it to what ever you want. Your computer is free from desktop virus.

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How to restore disabled task manager, Regedit, and cmd

If you cannot open task manager, you cannot run Regedit and you cannot run command prompt (cmd). Each time you want to run cmd you see a message that says this program has been disabled by administrator, who is the administrator if not you that owns the computer. Therefore, you begin to wonder what could have happened to your computer.

Firstly, there is virus in your computer. To restore the disabled programs on your computer you have to change the registry settings that the virus changed. Now that the regedit is also disabled what do i do?
in this article we will use gpedit.msc to restore disabled task manager, regedit, and cmd
The virus that disables your Regedit and cmd and disables your task manager is a Direct Action Viruses

the main purpose of this virus is to replicate and take action when it is executed. When a specific condition is met, the virus will go into action and infect files in the directory or folder that it is in and in directories that are specified in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file PATH. This batch file is always located in the root directory of the hard disk and carries out certain operations when the computer is booted. Examples are i.exe, autorun.inf. Other virus that can disable your task manager, cmd, and regedit and automatically close your program is killer.exe virus and smss.exe. For more information on computer virus click here.

This virus attack can put your computer in a very unstable state that you even prefer to format your computer. Follow these steps to restore your disabled task manager, regedit and cmd.
If you notice that, any application that you open to use and remove the virus is automatically then you have killer.exe and smss.exe. Close all running program and boot your computer in save mode. To boot your computer in safe mode shut down your computer, turn it on, and keep pressing F8 button on your keyboard until you get to a window where you see safe mode and other troubleshooting option. Use your arrow key to move to safe mode and press the enter button it will boot in safe mode but it might take more time than usual to boot. When your computer has finish booting in safe mode click start and click on run. Type gpedit.msc, a window will open that looks like this.

Under user configuration on the left pane click the arrow before administrative template, click on system then
Look at the right hand pane. Double click prevent access to registry editing tool. The property window will appear, select disabled and click apply and ok. Still on the right pane double click, prevent access to command prompt also select disable in the property window.
Then at the left pane of the gpedit.msc expand system folder by clicking on the + sign beside it.
When the folder is expanded, click CTR+ALT Option, double click remove task manager on the right pane and select disable in the property window. Restart your computer your task manager, cmd, regedit will be restored. Then update your antivirus and scan your computer.
Note that for a virus to enter your computer and disable these windows functions, that means the antivirus in your is not good or it is not working. Probably you need to update it if it is a good antivirus.

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How to remove windows new genuine advantage notification in 4 minutes

Are you tired of Microsoft windows genuine advantage notification, always telling you that your window is not genuine?
Are you tired of having to wait for 5 seconds before you can logon to your computer?

Are you tired of popup?
Has this notification changed you desktop to total black color?
Are you thinking of formatting your computer? Remember you have files that you don’t want to loose. What is this notification?

Windows genuine advantage notification is Microsoft way of punishing people using pirated copy of windows xp. Therefore, if your computer always shows you that you may be a victim of software counterfeiting its right and you need to go and buy a genuine windows xp.

Windows genuine advantage notification occurs after you have updated your computer on the internet. Microsoft always runs a script that always checks for windows license .if your computer does not pass the test that is when you are notified.

If your version of Windows XP is not genuine and does not pass the validation schemes, you will not be able to download security patches from Windows Update, or install the latest version of Internet Explorer 7 and other software.

Recently Microsoft has even made the notification worse by changing your computer desktop color to black if your computer does not pass windows validation. This makes the notification more punishing and frustrating for users.

Declaimer: this article is not to encourage piracy but for the purpose of knowledge. Please make sure you buy a license window xp.

Well for you that bought pirated copy unknowingly follow these steps to remove this black screen and the notification.

Firstly, you have to terminate the process form running on your computer secondly you have to change the name of the files that are running the process. Then change your desktop back to what you where using before.

Right click on your task bar, click on task manager, click process tab look for the process with the name “wgatray.exe” right click on it and click end process tree, a warning message will appear click yes, the process will be terminated.
Secondly double click on my computer, double click drive C: double click windows folder, double click system 32 folder, look for two files, “wgatray.exe”. When you locate the file, right click on the file and rename them to whatever you want.
Then restart your computer. Your computer should be in good state now.

Recently Microsoft has modified the notification such that if this notification also changes your computer wallpaper and background color to black. After removing the notification simply change you desktop wallpaper again.

Sometimes this modified windows genuine advantage notification also initiates the Wgatray.exe process immediately after you end the process. To solve this problem download process terminators that will kill it process permanently for you to be able to change the name of wgatray.exe in the system 32 folder.

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6 things to consider when buying a new computer

Is your computer very old?
Is it too slow or the memory is filled up, that you are thinking of buying a new computer?
Before you go to the computer shop, let me show you 6 things to consider when buying a new computer.

1. Computer brand: when buying a new computer the first thing that should come into your mind should be what brand of computer do I want to buy. Brand of a computer is determined by some fact like brand popularity, brand durability and availability of parts in the market.

2. Purpose of the computer: secondly the purpose of the computer should be considered. You have to ask yourself what am I buying this computer for, is it for my personal use, are you using it for DJ, is it for your office, you also have to consider the kind of program that will run on the computer.

3. Facilities available: you also have to consider the facilities that you want the computer to have, facilities like wireless enabled, Bluetooth, camera, card reader etc.

4. Memory Size: you also have to consider the memory of the computer. Computer memory here is the ram and the ram is what runs the applications on the computer so the size of the ram matters a lot, for a brand new computer the ram size is also dependent on the operating system that the computer comes with. If you want to buy a windows vista computer the ram should be like 3GBto 4GB because windows vista needs more memory to run than windows xp, For windows xp 2GBto 3GBwill be ok.

5. Hard disk: the next fact to consider is the size of the hard disk drive. Using large amount of hard disk is the best since some part of the hard disk is assigned to the ram to enable it perform effectively. If you use small size of hard disk and some part is assigned to the ram you will be left with a very small size that makes your computer run slowly. So large hard disk size is the best.

6. Processor speed: another fact to consider is the speed of the processor: you will notice that within the last two years there has been tremendous competition between processor manufacturers. So there are various kinds and types of processor. There are two major processor manufacturers which are Intel and AMD so you have to make your choice based on your research. You have to get a processor with high speed. These are the 6 things to consider when buying a new computer

After considering these facts you are sure to get a good computer when you enter the computer shop.

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Types of Computer Virus

Types of Computer Virus

A computer virus is a self-replicating computer program written to alter the way a computer operates without the permission or knowledge of the user. Computer viruses are similar to biological viruses in the way they multiply in number and in the way; they need a host to survive. However, in both cases there must be a cause, such as weak immune system or an expired anti-virus program, in order for the virus to penetrate and spread. The way a computer virus infiltrates your PC depends on the type of virus it is. Because all computers viruses have their own features and factors that make them unique and dangerous to the health of your computer. In this article, I will be sharing with you types of computer viruses so that you can better protect your computer.
Some times when you are infected, you rely know which of the virus is affecting your computer. Below is the list of the most common viruses affecting most computers:

1. Trojan Horses
2. Worms
3. Email Viruses

A Trojan horse appears to be nothing more than an interesting computer program or file, The Trojan virus once on your computer, does not reproduce, but instead makes your computer vulnerable to malicious attacks by allowing them to access and read your files. This makes the virus extremely dangerous to your computer. This virus can be minimized when you avoid downloading unnecessary files and software’s, and only download software’s and files that you are sure of.

A Worm is a virus program that copies and multiplies itself by using computer networks and security flaws. The worm may do damage and compromise the security of the computer. It may arrive via poor system security or by e-mail. Once Copied, the copied worms scan the network for further vulnerabilities and flaws in the network. The best way to protect you from worms is by updating your security software’s. You should avoid opening email attachments from unknown senders.

Email viruses use email messages to spread. An email virus can automatically forward itself to thousands of people, depending on whose email address it attacks. To avoid receiving virus-laden emails, always check that your antivirus software is up-to-date and stay clear of opening attachments. Also, block unwanted email viruses by installing a spam filter and popup blockers.

Other type of viruses exist and one should be careful to prevent himself from getting infected examples are

Boot sector Virus:
A virus that attaches itself to the first part of the hard disk that is read by the computer upon bootup. These are normally spread by floppy disks. To prevent this virus use an antivirus that scan boot files and make sure that the antivirus is updated Examples of boot viruses include: Polyboot.B, AntiEXE.

Macro Virus:
Macro viruses are viruses that use another application's macro programming language to distribute themselves. They infect documents such as MS Word or MS Excel and are typically spread to other similar documents. They usually have the infected file name with .exe extension e.g. m-sword .exe instead of doc. They always run from your driver folder. In system 32 folder. Example of such virus is raila odinga virus. For how to remove raila odinga virus read it here

Memory Resident Viruses:
Memory Resident Viruses reside in a computers volatile memory (RAM). They are initiated from a virus which runs on the computer and they stay in memory after its initiating program closes.

Direct Action Viruses
The main purpose of this virus is to replicate and take action when it is executed. When a specific condition is met, the virus will go into action and infect files in the directory or folder that it is in and in directories that are specified in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file PATH. This batch file is always located in the root directory of the hard disk and carries out certain operations when the computer is booted. Examples are i.exe, autorun.inf.

Overwrite Viruses
Virus of this kind is characterized by the fact that it deletes the information contained in the files that it infects, rendering them partially or totally useless once they have been infected.

The only way to clean a file infected by an overwrite virus is to delete the file completely, thus losing the original content.

Examples of this virus include: Way, Trj.Reboot, Trivial.88.D.

Polymorphic Virus
Polymorphic viruses encrypt or encode themselves in a different way (using different algorithms and encryption keys) every time they infect a system.

This makes it impossible for anti-viruses to find them using string or signature searches (because they are different in each encryption) and also enables them to create a large number of copies of themselves.

Examples include: Elkern, Marburg, Satan Bug, and Tuareg.

File Infectors
This type of virus infects programs or executable files (files with an .EXE or .COM extension). When one of these programs is run, directly or indirectly, the virus is activated, producing the damaging effects it is programmed to carry out. The majority of existing viruses belongs to this category, and can be classified depending on the actions that they carry out.

FAT Virus
The file allocation table or FAT is the part of a disk used to connect information and is a vital part of the normal functioning of the computer.
This type of virus attack can be especially dangerous, by preventing access to certain sections of the disk where important files are stored. Damage caused can result in information losses from individual files or even entire directories.

Logic Bombs
They are not considered viruses because they do not replicate. They are not even programs in their own right but rather camouflaged segments of other programs.

Their objective is to destroy data on the computer once certain conditions have been met. Logic bombs go undetected until launched, and the results can be destructive.

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Virus tips

Virus Tips

A computer virus is a self-replicating computer program written to alter the way a computer operates without the permission or knowledge of the user. Some viruses infect existing files on your computer, transforming regular files (like Word documents or system files) into infected files. Other viruses delete certain types of files on your computer. Virus sometimes interferes with your mouse cursor making it hard for you to control. A virus can spread from one computer to another when its host is taken to the uninfected computer, for instance by a user sending it over a network or the Internet, or by carrying it on a removable medium such as a floppy disk, CD, or USB drive.

Viruses are sometimes confused with computer worms and Trojan horses. A worm can spread itself to other computers without the need to be transferred as part of a host, and a Trojan horse is a file that appears harmless. Worms and Trojans may cause harm to a computer system’s hosted data, functional performance, or networking throughput, when executed.

Symptoms of a virus infected computer
The following are some major symptoms that show that a computer may be infected:

• The computer runs slower than usual.
• The computer stops responding, or it locks up frequently.
• The computer crashes, and then it restarts every few minutes.
• The computer restarts on its own. Additionally, the computer does not run as usual.
• Applications on the computer do not work correctly.
• Disks or disk drives are inaccessible.
• You cannot print items correctly.
• You see unusual error messages.
• You see distorted menus and dialog boxes.
• There is a double extension on an attachment that you recently opened, such as a .jpg, .vbs, .gif, or .exe. Extension.
• An antivirus program is disabled for no reason, or the antivirus program cannot be restarted.
• An antivirus program cannot be installed on the computer, or the antivirus program will not run.
• New icons appear on the desktop that you did not put there, or the icons are not associated with any recently installed programs.
• Strange sounds or music plays from the speakers unexpectedly.
• A program disappears from the computer even though you did not intentionally remove the program.
• You see folders created inside folders, with the name of the containing folder and then “EXE” extension i.e. new folder.exe
Note: These are common signs of infection. However, some signs may be caused by hardware or software problems that have nothing to do with a computer virus. Unless you have a good and an updated anti virus Software, you may not be certain whether a computer is infected with a computer virus or not.

How to protect your computer

If you suspect that your computer is infected with a computer virus, follow the steps below to remove the virus

1. Install powerful antivirus software: if you suspect a virus on your computer, install a good antivirus software and make sure its updated at all times
2. Scan your computer to get rid of the virus.
3. Attend to Antivirus notification, sometimes your antivirus may dictate a virus and needs you take action and gives you notification. It’s very important that you always pay attention to your antivirus status.
Click here for more on how to protect your computer.

4. Finally install registry and malware removal tool, to dictate harmful registry entries entered by the virus and use the malware to dictate the location of the virus and remove them.

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Windows Themes

Windows Themes

Are you tired of seeing the same windows interface on your computer?
Do you sometimes feel like being creative and just want to pimp your computer to give you the look you want and not that same old windows theme. In this article I will be sharing with you where you can download windows themes and how to change the windows theme.
Windows themes are part of windows operating system that actually changes the look of your computer interface. These themes can be created separately with some software’s like theme studio, style xp, Microsoft expression blend. There are also thousands of free themes on the internet already created that you can download and use. Sites where you can find windows themes are so much like,, etc. if you fill the ones on the internet is not good enough you can also create your own windows themes using the software’s above or searching for more of them on the internet to use

The screen short you are seeing is what theme look like.
How to change windows theme in windows xp
To change windows xp theme. Right click an empty space on your desktop, click on properties, the display property box will appear, click the theme drop down list box to display the themes installed in your computer. Select the theme you like to use and see how it look on the preview box below, then click apply and ok your new windows themes should be active now. If its not an installation theme simply click on browse and locate the theme where you kept it then click apply and ok

Note: for themes that do not need installation you must keep the theme within your computer and in a place that it will not be deleted else when you reboot, and windows cannot locate the file it will change to windows default classic theme.
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How to password user accounts in windows xp

How to password user accounts in windows xp

Creating a password is very important for any computer users especially windows xp users. If you want to restrict access to your computer or you want to limit your staff access in your office computer.
Are you sharing one computer with another person, you can now make your document private and personal you can create a password only known to your this will prevent unauthorized access to your computer or your user account.

How to password user account in windows xp steps
Click start, click on control panel on the control panel window click on user accounts, click on the account you want to password.
When it opens click on create password, the password creation module will appear, type the password you wish to use in the new password field and enter that same password again in the field below.
If you want to use a text or sentence to remember your password type it in the password hint field, Let us say your password is prince and prince is the name of your son, on the password hint field you can type son as a hint. After filling this information, click create password and the password will be save. Now log of your computer and enter the password to logon again. In addition, remember that you must not let anyone know your password except those that you want to have access to your computer.
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The best way to keep your computer safe

The best way to keep computer safe
Computer security is a very vital and a very important aspect of the computer, especially when your computer has a lot of vital information and documents that you cannot afford to loose.
A lot of computer users suffer from data lose as a result of poor computer security. If your computer is vulnerable to virus attacks, you are likely to experience computer crashes and heavy data lose.
Keeping your computer safe and secured is just like owning a car, fueling it, washing it and changing oil, makes your car gives you maximum performance.
In this article I will be sharing with your some step to take in other to keep your computer safe and secured.

1. Limit your account user right

If you have an administrative right on the computer that means you can install any thing and also perform any system configuration on the computer, so also viruses using your administrative right can install themselves on the computer and also enter registry values. But when you limit your user right to a power user, no auto run file will be able to run on your computer without your permission and also no system configuration will be done on your machine without your permission, but when you want to install a program you right click on the program and click run as then enter the admin user name and password. Or you log of the current user and log in as administrator to install or configure your computer.
How to Change your user account right can be found here. This is the first step in keeping your computer safe.

2. Use Internet security software

Using a good internet security will not only keep you safe from viruses it will also monitor spyware and malwares also it will monitor your internet connections and sites that are harmful to your computer will be blocked
A good internet security should be updatable offline, easy to use and configured, and must be able to dictate harmful programs and sites and prompt for user action to run or block.
Remember that you have to make sure that your antivirus solution is consistently updated.

3. Perform system cleanup regularly

Performing system clean up erases all the junk files that accumulate memory in your computer. If you clean up your computer regularly, your system will run faster. How to clean up your junk files read the article here.

4. Scan external drives:

Because you never can tell if an external drive has a virus by merely looking at it, you need to scan any external drive attached to your computer before using it.
Lastly scan your computer frequently so that if any infectious file has entered your computer, your internet security will remove it.
If these steps have been taking, you are on your way to keeping your computer safe and secured.

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How to change users account rights

How to change user account rights

Computer security is very important when, especially when you have very sensitive data that you cannot afford to lose. Neglecting computer security or having poor computer security will cause computer crash, lose of data amongst others. Keeping your computer safe is very easy thing and should be a way of life for every computer user.

What is a user account? A user account is a profile that allows a person to access the windows computer which contains the logon information of that person and also his rights on that computer. A user right is simply the limits a user has on the computer.

Changing account user rights on the computer is just a way of saying to Mr. A (which is a also a user on that computer) u cannot install or uninstall on this computer and Mr. B u cannot change the computer configuration, for any configuration installation on this computer I have to be notified and only you will be able to install or configure programs on this computer.

Managing the rights of computer users in your office or home is a better way to monitor what your staffs install on the company computer and also what your children install and configures on the computer at home. changing user right on the computer make your computer 50% safe from viruses and other malicious programs that auto runs, especially when you insert your flash after using it in virus infected computer.

These steps will show you how to change rights of a user account
Windows xp has a default user (Administrator) that Built-in account for administering the computer/domain, when you create a user, that administrator account is not active only when you boot in safe mode.
To change your user right, right click on my computer,
click manage, on computer management module click on local users and group, click users, right click on the user you want to change the right, click on properties.
The property window will appear, click on member of tab, on the member of tab you will see the user rights the user have, if you will see administrator, that means the user can change, install and configure any thing on the machine,

you have to remove the administrative right from the user and place the user in power user group,. Power user group will not allow him to install and do any system configuration on the machine. This way no virus will be able to autorun on that machine also nobody will install or do system configuration in your absent. To change the user right click add, on user property module click advance
Click find, below you will see all the rights that are applicable to a user.
Select power users and click ok,
You will see the user entered in the select group module, click ok, and click apply and ok in the property module.

You have successfully changed the user right of that account. Now log of, log in again with that same account, and try to install a program you should see a message like this that means you have you have changed the user right of that account. So any time you want to install or configure your computer you either log on using the default admin account or you create another account that has administrative right on that computer.
Note: the default administrator account should have a password, before taking this step because windows will ask you to enter admin password when you want to install a program. If you don’t know how top create a password read it here,

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In every field there are some basic strategy to becoming a professional in that field, so also it is in computer, and you have to know the basic techniques to be good at it. It is when you know the basic that you can start to improve on them.
In this article I will be sharing with your 6 techniques/strategy to becoming your own computer engineer so you don’t have to call an engineer when your computer brakes down.


Don't be afraid of computer problems. It is often the best opportunity to learn. Trouble-shooting is part of the fun of owning a computer. Imagine the satisfaction you could get by solving a problem yourself.
Of course the fun could run out quickly once you are frustrated and have spent too much time on the same problem. If you feel frustrated, it's time to leave it for a while and go back with some new ideas


Confidence is the first technique to solving any computer problem, believing that you solve the problem will make your mind to think and also makes you not to quit on the problem, it prompts you to take steps and you will be surprise to know that you have solve the problem because your confidence was in place.


In computer engineering research is a major criteria if you must be relevant. The difference between you and the other engineer is just the amount of knowledge you have on the field and this knowledge come as a result of deep research. how to make research, if you have a problem and you don’t know what to do just examine the problem then go on the net and search solutions for that problem. e.g. if your computer has raila odinga virus and your antivirus is not removing it, you can type how to remove raila odinga manually on, read through the sites that are saying what you want to know about click on the site ti read the full details that way you have adequate knowledge to solve the problem. Note that there is no problem that you will encounter in your computer that no body has encountered, so going online to search for solution is a smart way to solve the problem.


When your computer encounters a hardware problem, what you need to do is to know the kind of problem and the hardware responsible for the problem, because Personal computers are highly modular by design. The most powerful technique is to isolate specific component by trial-and-error. Swap compatible components and see if the system still works. Try that peripherals on a different machines and see if the same problem occurs. Make one change at a time.


Take notes of what you have done and all the error messages. You may need to use them later. For instance, when you see an unusual blue screen with an error message. Copy the entire message onto a piece of paper. In many situations, that message may point to the right direction in getting the problem solved quickly. Always remember to use the internet when it becomes difficult.


It's OK to open a computer case and take a look inside. There is only 5V and 12V DC voltage supplied to the components outside the power supply. Those who have never seen the inside of a computer are often amazed by how simple it looks. Of course, still always power down and unplug the power cord first.
More than 70% of all computer problems are related to cabling and connections. Ensure all cables are connected firmly. IDE and floppy ribbon cables and power cables can often go loose. Ensure microprocessor, memory modules, and adapters such as video card and sound card are inserted correctly and didn't "pop-up" during transportation.

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How to remove raila odinga virus is a very easy process. Firstly, Raila odinga is a worm that attacks microsoft word files, but it looks like a jpg file and mostly found on the desktop.
Raila odinga has some common characteristics

1. If you delete the picture file it will delete and return to where it where.
2. It runs from the driver folder in system 32 folder
3. it auto runs at system startup
4. It makes the computer boot slowly
5. It makes your computer to hang.
6. It creates new folder.exe folders in your computer

How to remove raila odinga virus, open my computer, double click drive C: open WINDOWS folder, double click on system 32 folder, open driver folder,
locate the word file in the folder, note the name. Right click on the task bar, open task manager, click on the process tab locate the name of the word file you saw in the drive folder, right click on the name of the file, click end process, to terminate the running process
Open the driver folder of system 32 where the file is, delete all the ms word files on that folder, then close the folder locate the raila odinga picture file usually on the desktop or somewhere in your computer, delete the picture file. Please do not double click on the picture file only delete it, finally empty your recycle bin and restart your computer. That way odinga is off your machine.

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Increase your computer speed in 9 minutes

Increase your system speed in 9 minutes is a quick guide to increase your system speed.
Speed is one thing any computer user will not compromise.

Have you ever wondered why your computer becomes slow as the day goes by, suddenly your programs take longer time to come up, it can be really frustrating.
Maybe you have visited some cafe to browse when your computer is down or you are not close to your house and feel like using the net. And nothing is working even to launch internet explorer or Microsoft word takes so much time that you are bored. This is caused by so much junk files in your temp folder; recycle bin, temp internet files and cookies. The second is to increase your computers victual memory.
Just follow these simple steps to increase your computers speed
1. Cleaning temp folder, cookies, temporary internet files, and performing disk clean up. These locations take as much as 2GB of your disk space and your ram needs to run these programs instead of running the important programs you use to for your work.
To clean up these files double click on my computer icon, drive C:, document and settings, select the user profile folder that you are using, open local settings, if you don’t see local settings click on tools menu, folder option check show hiding files and folders, click apply and then ok to show all hiding files

By now you should see local setting folder now
Open the folder, open the temp folder, you will see the files that it contains. To view the size of the temp folder select all files using CTR + A, right click on any file and click properties you will see the disc space that its occupying, close the property box and delete all the files. If some files refuse to delete, it may be that the computer is making use of those files at the moment, do same clean up for the temporary internet files and cookies folder, after deleting these files do same for other user profiles in your computer. When that is done you have to use the disk cleanup to clean those files from recycle bin any other location where they may be. Now click start, point your mouse to program files, and to accessories and to system tool click disk clean up

Select the drive where you have your operating system click ok, it will scan the files and show you a dialog box, check the boxes with size above 0 kb then click ok and another dialog box will open asking you if you really want to delete these files click yes. In addition, it will clean all the location. After cleaning including recycle bin your computer should faster than before.
2. Increase your virtual memory. A virtual memory is an area of the hard disk that the computer uses as ram. If the virtual memory of your machine is low, your computer will become very slow when you try to use some application simultaneously. To increase the virtual memory of your computer will also increase your system speed, Right click on my Computer, click properties, click advance tab, click settings under performance option, click advance tab on performance option, click change, now change the number there to close or the number that the machine has. Click set, OK and closes the dialog boxes
Now restart your machine you will notice that the speed of your machine has increased.
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